The practice of family planning (FP) in Kenya has increased steadily since the early 1980s, with the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) for all FP methods reaching 46 percent in 20081 . Use of modern contraceptives among married women rose from 32 percent to 39 percent between 20032 and 2008. At about the same time, Kenya witnessed a historic decline in fertility: The total fertility rate (TFR) decreased from 8.1 births per woman in 1978 to 4.6 births per woman in 2008. Indeed, Kenya’s FP programme has been among the most successful in sub-Saharan Africa.
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